Conductive hearing loss is one type of hearing loss. Information presented by a leading audiologist in Paradise.
Conductive Hearing Loss
Types of Hearing Loss – Conductive Hearing Loss
A conductive hearing loss occurs when there is interference with sound waves that travel through the outer and middle ear. This contrasts with a sensorineural hearing loss, which is a problem with inner ear nerves or to the nerve pathways from the inner ear to the brain. This could be due, for example, to a perforated eardrum, wax in the ear or problems with the middle ear bones—the malleus, incus and stapes. This type of hearing loss can often be medically or surgically corrected.
In some cases, there is a mixed hearing loss, with components of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
Testing for a conductive component of a hearing loss is standard procedure in a comprehensive audiological exam performed by your audiologist in Paradise at Paradise Hearing & Balance Clinics, Inc. When a conductive component is discovered in a hearing loss, we then refer the patient to an ENT (ear, nose, and throat specialist).
What causes a conductive hearing loss?
Examples of conditions that may cause a conductive hearing loss include:
- Conditions associated with middle ear pathology such as fluid in the middle ear from colds, allergies (serous otitis media), poor Eustachian tube function, ear infection (otitis media)*, perforated eardrum, benign tumors
- Impacted earwax (cerumen)
- Infection in the ear canal (external otitis)
- Presence of a foreign object
- Absence or malformation of the outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear
*75% of all children will experience at least one episode of otitis media by age 3.
Can conductive hearing loss be treated?
Many of the conditions that cause conductive hearing loss can be treated. The treatment may consist of medication (such as antibiotics), a simple office procedure, or a more complex surgical procedure. In many cases, you will be referred to an ENT for treatment. These professionals are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of the ear, including surgery on this area.
How is hearing loss diagnosed?
When you come for your appointment with your audiologist in Paradise, you’ll receive a complete hearing evaluation. This will check for many different causes of hearing loss, to determine the cause or causes of your hearing loss. Then a treatment plan can be devised.
To book your appointment with Dr. Touchette, a leading audiologist in Paradise, please call our office.